The first known case of monkeypox was identified in 1958 when outbreaks of a pox-like disease occurred in monkeys that were kept for research.
The first documented human case of monkeypox was reported in 1970 in the Democratic Republic of Congo during an attempt to eliminate smallpox. Subsequently monkeypox has been reported in humans in other central and western African countries.
Scientists at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) are presently working with the Massachusetts Department of Public Health to investigate a case in which a US resident tested positive for monkeypox on May 18th, after returning from Canada.
CDC is also following numerous clusters of monkeypox that have been reported in early- to mid-May in countries that don’t normally see cases of the disease, including Europe and North America.
CDC is urging healthcare providers in the US to be vigilant in their treating of patients who have rash illnesses consistent with monkeypox.
What Should You Do:
Anyone who has symptoms that appear similar to monkeypox should contact their healthcare provider. This includes anyone who:
- traveled to central or west African countries, parts of Europe or other areas with confirmed cases of monkeypox
- is in contact with a person with confirmed or suspected monkeypox
- is a man who regularly has close or intimate contact with other men
What to Look For:
- The rash involves vesicles or pustules that are deep-seated, firm or hard and progress over time to scabs
- Symptoms typically include fever, chills, the distinctive rash, or new lymphadenopathy. However, onset of perianal or genital lesions in the absence of subjective fever has been reported
- The monkeypox rash can be confused with other diseases that are encountered in clinical practice (e.g., secondary syphilis, herpes, chancroid, and varicella zoster)
For more information visit: Monkeypox | Poxvirus | CDC
2022 United States Monkeypox Case | Monkeypox | Poxvirus | CDC